Termites are the most destructive wood-destroying pest among the world. According to researches, three times as many homes nationwide are damaged by termites compared to those damaged by fire. Nevertheless, not every species of termites attack human structures, more than 90% structures damages were caused by invasion of Subterranean Termites.
In nature, termites have an important role: They eat dead trees and, with the help of bacteria in their digestive systems, they digest the wood and return the nutrients to the soil. They are the only insects who can digest the cellulose component of wood.
If they stuck to eating dead trees, no one would bother them. But termites are too dumb to be able to tell the difference between a dead tree and a house; and so every year, millions or billions of money are spent in the perpetual battle between humans and termites.
Subterranean termites live in the soil (underground, hence their name ''Subterranean'') and eat wood or wood materials. Because they are very susceptible to dehydration, can be injured by direct sunlight, and are considered tasty fare by many birds and other woodland creatures, they must stay hidden and close to the soil at all times.
In fact, if the termites had the last word on the matter, they'd probably never come out of the dirt.
Much to the termites' dismay, however, there's not always enough dead wood actually lying on the ground to keep their bellies full. Sometimes they have to travel a ways to get it. So when termites have to commute between the soil, and a piece of wood that's not actually touching the soil, they build shelter tubing (mud trails) to travel between the two. The presence of shelter tubing (mud trails) in a building is a sure sign that the structure has (or has had) a problem with termites.
How To Control
The species of termites, nature of business, location and condition of the termite infestation area will come into consideration when deciding the best solution. Below are some of the common control methods: